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php生成动态的GIF验证码

分类:PHP 作者:oldhand 来源: 发布:2013-05-31 12:06:30
如何用PHP生成GIF动画来实现动态图片验证码
这样的验证码不需要太多的变形,就能让人识别简单,电脑识别困难。

<?php

/**
 * GIFEncoder类
 * */
Class GIFEncoder 
{
    var $GIF = "GIF89a";                /* GIF header 6 bytes        */  
    var $VER = "GIFEncoder V2.06";        /* Encoder version             */  

    var $BUF = Array ( );  
    var $LOP =  0;  
    var $DIS =  2;  
    var $COL = -1;  
    var $IMG = -1;  

    var $ERR = Array (  
        'ERR00' =>"Does not supported function for only one image!",  
        'ERR01' =>"Source is not a GIF image!",  
        'ERR02' =>"Unintelligible flag ",  
        'ERR03' =>"Could not make animation from animated GIF source",  
    );  
    
    function GIFEncoder ($GIF_src, $GIF_dly = 100, $GIF_lop = 0, $GIF_dis = 0,  $GIF_red = 0, $GIF_grn = 0, $GIF_blu = 0, $GIF_mod = 'bin' ) 
    {  
        if (!is_array($GIF_src) && !is_array($GIF_tim)) 
        {  
            printf ( "%s: %s", $this->VER, $this->ERR['ERR00']);  
            exit( 0 );
        }  
        $this->LOP = ($GIF_lop > -1) ? $GIF_lop : 0;  
        $this->DIS = ($GIF_dis > -1) ? (( $GIF_dis < 3 ) ? $GIF_dis : 3) : 2;  
        $this->COL = ($GIF_red > -1 && $GIF_grn > -1 && $GIF_blu > -1) ? ($GIF_red | ($GIF_grn << 8) | ($GIF_blu << 16)) : -1;  

        for ($i = 0, $src_count = count($GIF_src); $i < $src_count; $i++ ) 
        {
            if (strToLower( $GIF_mod ) == "url") 
            {  
            	$this->BUF[] = fread (fopen($GIF_src [$i], "rb"), filesize ($GIF_src [$i]));  
            }  
            elseif(strToLower($GIF_mod) == "bin") 
            {  
                $this->BUF [ ] = $GIF_src [ $i ];  
            }  
            else 
            {  
                printf("%s: %s ( %s )!", $this->VER, $this->ERR [ 'ERR02' ], $GIF_mod);  
                exit(0);  
            }  
            if (substr($this->BUF[$i], 0, 6) != "GIF87a" && substr($this->BUF [$i], 0, 6) != "GIF89a") 
            {  
                printf( "%s: %d %s", $this->VER, $i, $this->ERR ['ERR01']);  
                exit(0);  
            }  
            for ($j = (13 + 3 * (2 << (ord($this->BUF[$i]{10}) & 0x07 ))), $k = TRUE; $k; $j++)
            {  
                switch ($this->BUF [$i]{$j}) 
                {  
                    case "!":  
                        if ((substr($this->BUF[$i], ($j + 3), 8)) == "NETSCAPE") 
                        {  
                                printf( "%s: %s ( %s source )!", $this->VER, $this->ERR ['ERR03'], ($i + 1));  
                                exit( 0 );  
                        }  
                        break;  
                    case ";":  
                        $k = FALSE;  
                        break;  
                }  
            }  
        }  
        GIFEncoder::GIFAddHeader();  
        for($i = 0, $count_buf = count($this->BUF); $i < $count_buf; $i++) 
        {  
        	GIFEncoder::GIFAddFrames($i, $GIF_dly[$i]);  
        }  
        GIFEncoder::GIFAddFooter();  
    }  
    
    function GIFAddHeader ( ) 
    {  
		$cmap = 0;  
		
		if (ord($this->BUF[0]{10}) & 0x80 ) 
		{  
			$cmap = 3 * ( 2 << ( ord ( $this->BUF [ 0 ]{10} ) & 0x07 ));  
			
			$this->GIF .= substr ( $this->BUF [ 0 ], 6, 7);  
			$this->GIF .= substr ( $this->BUF [ 0 ], 13, $cmap);  
			$this->GIF .= "!\377\13NETSCAPE2.0\3\1" . GIFEncoder::GIFWord ( $this->LOP ) . "\0";  
		}  
    }  
    
    function GIFAddFrames ( $i, $d ) 
    {  

        $Locals_str = 13 + 3 * (2 <<(ord($this->BUF[$i]{10}) & 0x07));  

        $Locals_end = strlen($this->BUF[$i]) - $Locals_str - 1;  
        $Locals_tmp = substr ($this->BUF[$i], $Locals_str, $Locals_end);  

        $Global_len = 2 << (ord( $this->BUF [0]{10} ) & 0x07 );  
        $Locals_len = 2 << (ord( $this->BUF[$i]{10}) & 0x07);  

        $Global_rgb = substr($this->BUF[0], 13, 3 * (2 << ( ord ( $this->BUF[0]{10} ) & 0x07)));  
        $Locals_rgb = substr ( $this->BUF[$i], 13, 3 * (2 << ( ord ( $this->BUF[$i]{10} ) & 0x07)));  

        $Locals_ext = "!\xF9\x04" . chr(($this->DIS << 2) + 0) . chr(($d >> 0) & 0xFF) . chr(($d >> 8) & 0xFF) . "\x0\x0";  

        if ( $this->COL > -1 && ord($this->BUF[$i]{10}) & 0x80)
        {  
            for($j = 0; $j < (2 << (ord( $this->BUF[$i]{10}) & 0x07)); $j++ ) 
            {  
                if(ord ($Locals_rgb{3 * $j + 0}) == ($this->COL >>  0) & 0xFF && ord ( $Locals_rgb { 3 * $j + 1 } ) == ( $this->COL >>  8 ) & 0xFF && ord ( $Locals_rgb { 3 * $j + 2 } ) == ( $this->COL >> 16 ) & 0xFF ) 
                {  
                    $Locals_ext = "!\xF9\x04" . chr(($this->DIS << 2) + 1) . chr (( $d >> 0) & 0xFF) . chr (( $d >> 8) & 0xFF) . chr ($j) . "\x0";  
                    break;  
                }  
            }  
        }  
        switch ( $Locals_tmp { 0 } ) 
        {  
            case "!":  
                $Locals_img = substr($Locals_tmp, 8, 10);  
                $Locals_tmp = substr($Locals_tmp, 18, strlen ($Locals_tmp) - 18);  
                break;  
            case ",":  
                $Locals_img = substr($Locals_tmp, 0, 10);  
                $Locals_tmp = substr($Locals_tmp, 10, strlen($Locals_tmp) - 10);  
                break;  
        }  
        if ( ord ( $this->BUF[$i]{10} ) & 0x80 && $this->IMG > -1 ) 
        {  
            if ( $Global_len == $Locals_len ) 
            {  
				if ( GIFEncoder::GIFBlockCompare ( $Global_rgb, $Locals_rgb, $Global_len ) ) 
				{  
					$this->GIF .= ( $Locals_ext . $Locals_img . $Locals_tmp );  
				}  
				else 
				{  
					$byte  = ord ( $Locals_img{9});  
					$byte |= 0x80;  
					$byte &= 0xF8;  
					$byte |= ( ord ( $this->BUF [ 0 ]{10}) & 0x07);  
					$Locals_img{9} = chr($byte);  
					$this->GIF .= ($Locals_ext . $Locals_img . $Locals_rgb . $Locals_tmp);  
				}  
            }  
            else 
            {  
                $byte  = ord($Locals_img{9});  
                $byte |= 0x80;  
                $byte &= 0xF8;  
                $byte |= (ord($this->BUF[$i]{10}) & 0x07);  
                $Locals_img {9} = chr($byte);  
                $this->GIF .= ($Locals_ext . $Locals_img . $Locals_rgb . $Locals_tmp);  
            }  
        }  
        else 
        {  
            $this->GIF .= ( $Locals_ext . $Locals_img . $Locals_tmp );  
        }  
        $this->IMG  = 1;  
    }  
    
    function GIFAddFooter ( ) {  
        $this->GIF .= ";";  
    }  
    
    function GIFBlockCompare ( $GlobalBlock, $LocalBlock, $Len ) 
    {  
        for ( $i = 0; $i < $Len; $i++ ) 
        {  
            if($GlobalBlock { 3 * $i + 0 } != $LocalBlock { 3 * $i + 0 } || $GlobalBlock { 3 * $i + 1 } != $LocalBlock { 3 * $i + 1 } || $GlobalBlock { 3 * $i + 2 } != $LocalBlock{3 * $i + 2}) 
            {  
                return ( 0 );  
            }  
        }  
        return ( 1 );  
    }  
    
    function GIFWord ( $int ) 
    {  
       return ( chr ( $int & 0xFF ) . chr ( ( $int >> 8 ) & 0xFF ) );  
    }  
    
    function GetAnimation ( ) 
    {  
        return ($this->GIF);  
    }  
}

/**
 * ImageCode 生成GIF图片验证
 * @param $string 字符串
 * @param $width 宽度
 * @param $height 高度
 * */
function ImageCode($string = '', $width = 75, $height = 25)
{
	$authstr = $string ? $string : ((time() % 2 == 0) ? mt_rand(1000, 9999) : mt_rand(10000, 99999)); 
	
	$board_width = $width;
	$board_height = $height;
	// 生成一个32帧的GIF动画
	for($i = 0; $i < 32; $i++)
	{
		ob_start();
	    $image = imagecreate($board_width, $board_height);
	    imagecolorallocate($image, 0,0,0);
	    // 设定文字颜色数组 
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 15,73,210);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,64,0);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,0,64);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,128,128);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 27,52,47);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 51,0,102);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,0,145);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,0,113);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,51,51);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 158,180,35);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 59,59,59);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,0,0);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 1,128,180);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,153,51);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 60,131,1);
	 	$colorList[] = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,0,0);
	 	$fontcolor = ImageColorAllocate($image, 0,0,0);
	 	$gray = ImageColorAllocate($image, 245,245,245); 
	 	
	    $color = imagecolorallocate($image, 255,255,255);
	    $color2 = imagecolorallocate($image, 255,0,0);
	    
	    imagefill($image, 0, 0, $gray);
	    
	    $space = 15;		// 字符间距
	    if($i > 0)			// 屏蔽第一帧
	    {
		    for ($k = 0; $k < strlen($authstr); $k++) 
		    { 
				$colorRandom = mt_rand(0,sizeof($colorList)-1); 
				$float_top = rand(0,4);
				$float_left = rand(0,3);
				imagestring($image, 6, $space * $k, $top + $float_top, substr($authstr, $k, 1), $colorList[$colorRandom]);
			}
	    }
	    
		for ($k = 0; $k < 20; $k++) 
		{ 
			$colorRandom = mt_rand(0,sizeof($colorList)-1); 
	 		imagesetpixel($image, rand()%70 , rand()%15 , $colorList[$colorRandom]); 
	
		}
		// 添加干扰线
		for($k = 0; $k < 3; $k++)
		{
			$colorRandom = mt_rand(0, sizeof($colorList)-1); 
			// $todrawline = rand(0,1);
			$todrawline = 1;
			if($todrawline)
			{
				imageline($image, mt_rand(0, $board_width), mt_rand(0,$board_height), mt_rand(0,$board_width), mt_rand(0,$board_height), $colorList[$colorRandom]);
			}
			else 
			{
				$w = mt_rand(0,$board_width);
				$h = mt_rand(0,$board_width);
				imagearc($image, $board_width - floor($w / 2) , floor($h / 2), $w, $h,  rand(90,180), rand(180,270), $colorList[$colorRandom]);
			}
		}
	    imagegif($image);
	    imagedestroy($image);
	    $imagedata[] = ob_get_contents();
	    ob_clean();  
	    ++$i;  
	}
	
	$gif = new GIFEncoder($imagedata);  
	Header ('Content-type:image/gif');  
	echo $gif->GetAnimation();  
}

/**
 * 调用示例
 * */
session_start();
$authstr = mt_rand(1000, 9999);   // 生成随机字符串
$_SESSION['verify'] = $authstr;   // 记录session
ImageCode($authstr, 60);    // 显示GIF动画

?>

 

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